You will experience that
Here we tell about some of the exciting and special places in our hometown, where otherwise you just whiz past. You will be introduced to two villages, Visby and Emmerlev, as representatives of the area's and landscape's history. The trip stops at various places where you can enjoy nature and the view, explore magnificent churches and distinctive cities, take a shorter or longer stroll, or just take a well-deserved break. Public toilets are located at Emmerlev Klev, Trøjborg and Møller's garden in Visby.
We start at Emmerlev Klev.
No matter if you are coming from the north, south or east: Notice how the landscape changes. From the completely flat marsh around Tønder or Ballum it goes a little uphill on the way to Emmerlev Klev. You drive on a so-called hill island, (Hjerpsted hill island) an elevated demarcated area, which is formed by deposits from the second last ice age, "Saale" ice age and which was not covered by the last ice age, "Weichsel" ice age, deposits.
At Emmerlev Klev there are holiday homes and campsites, a fantastic view and one of Denmark's geological natural gems: Emmerlev Klev, one of the Wadden Sea's coastal cliffs and the only one along the west coast of southern Jutland, with a geology that leads us approx. 120,000 years back. The cliff extends to the north of approx. 2 km and is up to 10-13m high.
Our tip for sunny weather: Bring your swimwear!
The road there
You can park by the hotel and walk down to the beach and continue on a footpath in a northerly direction. After a few hundred meters you reach the cliff.
Another option to reach the cliff is that you drive from Strandhotellet back past the campsite and turn left on Stampemøllevej and follow the road 1.1 km until a field road goes to the left. You follow the field road 600 m and end at the edge of the cliff. Here you can park your car. The road down to the water's edge is a lot !!! steep stairs.
Rocks, ice age and birds
At the cliff you will find many different rocks that the ice has transported over great distances from Sweden, Norway, Finland and the entire Baltic region. The stones come from the cliff, where the sea washes them free. A paradise for someone who collects rocks and fossils. Approx. midway you can see a black stripe in the cliff. This strip is bog peat, which originates from between the ice age. The peat consists of plants and branches and researchers believe that finding traces of rodents after beavers on them.
Emmerlev Klev is a fantastic place for bird watching, where many thousands of geese, ducks and waders rest on the ford and the starlings dance in the evening. To the south you have a view of the protruding dike at Højer and Vidåslusen. Opposite to the west is the island of Herring and to the northwest the island of Rømø.
We drive back and follow Emmerlevvejen through the village Emmerlev.
Construction style and business
The Emmerlev settlement is first mentioned in 1292. The houses are located on both sides along the roads. Emmerlev's houses form a road town (road whine town) with many scattered small houses and fewer large farms, which are built in
the area's typical building customs, elongated in an east / west direction. North of the road is the listed Emmerlev school from 1857, with the address Emmerlevvej 20, which today functions as a camp school. The fields have been very small, not even large enough for self-sufficiency. Therefore, people lived off fishing, women's wages as lace makers and shipping.
The fishing took place by riding a horse-drawn carriage out on the ford and setting nets at low tide. At the next ebb you could then pick up the catch in the same way. Emmerlev was also a shipping place for oxen in the 1600-1700s, when there was a large stud export from the area to Holland.
As ballast, the ships brought general cargo, i.a. Dutch tiles, of which there have been many in the farms and houses in Emmerlev, which were often characterized by good prosperity. Today there are no traces of fishing and shipping, on the other hand, agriculture has become very important.
We drive to the crossroads and turn left on Højervej, approx. 2km.
The church is located secluded between Emmerlev and Sdr. Sejerslev. The church is located on one of the highest points and the church tower was therefore also used as a sea sign. Along with the church is the inn, Højkro. The listed, thatched inn building with lattice windows, travel stables and linden trees is unfortunately completely dilapidated.
The original church building was built around 1150 and in the 15th century the tower, sacristy, porch and staircase of the tower were built.
Emmerlev Church's nave is Romanesque and built of granite blocks and a bit of tuff. Already in late Romanesque times the church was extended to the east with a narrower choir section. In total, there are four Gothic additions. The tower and staircase are leaded, while the sacristy has tiles. The other extensions have slate roofs.
In the tower hang two reunion bells. In 1921 they were donated by the Danish people and delivered by the Smidtske Jernstøberier, Ålborg. The previous bells were handed over for war use in 1917.
The altarpiece, which is set up on a medieval, brick altar table, consists of a nave from a Gothic velvet altarpiece in a baroque frame from 1685. In the middle you will find a crucifix, the coronation of Mary and the twelve apostles. These are flanked by images with biblical motifs. It dates from the beginning of the 17th century and is provided with six fields with biblical motifs. It has been continuously restored.
A little further down the road you will find a reunification stone on the right side, which reminds of the Duchy of Schleswig (Southern Jutland) reunification with Denmark.
We continue our trip on Højervejen 419 through Vester Gammelby and turn right on Hjerpstedvej. Our next destination is the castle ruin Trøjborg.
After 1.5 km we have the opportunity to make a small detour to Kogsbøl bog, which is home to a number of protected bird species. We take the field road to the left, after a road called Kogsbølvej. 2 km blind country road leads us directly into the bog. It is not allowed to drive all the way by car, park and stroll the rest of the way.
It can be difficult to park the car. Be careful not to stand in the way of agricultural traffic or block the driveway to the fields. In addition, the discount may be soft.
Skast, Kogsbøl and Borgmose
Experience the atmosphere in a bog with turbid water, eerie and dense scrub, almost inaccessible and at the same time experience the development from bog to cultivated agricultural land.
The area is characterized by large farms and large fields. Part of these fields have been part of a larger raised bog area, which was flooded by storm surges before the Ballum dike was completed in 1919. The area is only 3-4m above sea level. Drainage and cultivation took place in the 1950s and 60s and could subsequently only be stopped by the nature conservation associations under great protest from the landowners and the land reclamation society.
Today, they want to preserve the bog, which is threatened by manure and dehydration. The bog was protected in 1977 and is in the protection program Natura 2000 and the bird protection area. Here you can find sea eagles, various birds of prey, horned owls, red-throated divers, blue-throated divers, plaice, cranes,… and a large population of crowned animals.
In addition, the degradation of bogs means the emission of CO2. With the help of various landowners, Tønder municipality has started a project to raise the water level in the area, loop drainage canals and take low-lying agricultural areas out of operation.
We come out of the bog again and continue our trip to the castle ruin Trøjborg Castle ruin.
Here was once a medieval castle, which was built around 1350 probably by a Duke of Southern Jutland. The castle was built on the west side of a hill island, which stretches from Visby to the west. The area belonged to the Duchy of Schleswig. In 1407, Queen Margrethe bought Trøjborg to strengthen her position to the south. Thus, Trøjborg belonged to Ribe Diocese / Kingdom of Denmark and not to the Duchy of Schleswig, a small piece of Denmark in the Duchy, a starting point for the South Jutland enclaves (= an area that is completely surrounded by another state) in Southern Jutland. In 1565, King Trøjborg donated to the army commander Daniel Rantzau as a reward for his efforts in the Norwegian Seven Years' War against Sweden. After his death, Trøjborg and Daniel's girlfriend went to his brother Peter Rantzau. He is described as a splendid and happy man of power. He tore down Trøjborg and built a modern renaissance castle instead. The old castle bank was expanded so much that there was room to build a 32x31m large castle with four wings. The castle was on two floors above a high basement with a tower in each corner of the inner courtyard. In each of the four corners, the floors were connected by a stair tower with bulbous spiers. A drawbridge led over the moat into the castle's large entrance portal, which has now been partially reconstructed from the original superstructure.
The liberation of the peasants and the abolition of the staff bond as well as high bread grain prices led to violent disputes with the hoof farmers, in addition to which there were changing ownership of Trøjborg. It was the end of the significant Trøjborg.
In 1851, the big farmer Knud Lausten Thomsen from Forballum Trøjborg bought at a forced auction and with ideas from Grundvig and the folk high school movement, he offered the state the castle to set up a seminary. The state said no, they did not want to create a competitor for the seminary in Tønder, and Thomsen started to demolish the castle. The furniture was sold, something is found at a museum in Tønder, all building materials were recycled in the area.
What remains is a ruin, ie. the south wall of the castle, as well as the entrance portal and the basement. The castle would probably have been completely removed if the bridge over the inner moat had not one day collapsed. It became too cumbersome to remove the debris.
Today, Trøjborg is an excursion destination for locals and holidaymakers and forms the romantic setting for wedding photos, for example.
East of the castle, a barn was built, Trøjborg Hovedgård, which is a modern privately owned organic farm
Farm with a party barn and rental of holiday homes.
We continue on Trøjborgvej towards Visby and visit Visby.
Visby is an active village with 350 inhabitants and a grocery store, a fine church connected to the castle ruins, a priest with garden ideas, sculptures, tracks in the landscape and much more.
It is assumed that Visby Church has been here since the 12-1300s, dedicated to St. Laurentius. Peter Rantzau, Trøjborg's owner, was given the right to call the churches in Visby, Døstrup, Mjolden and Randerup. He behaved as if he owned them too. After he had finished with Trøjborg's buildings, he started around 1590 with the beautiful Visby church in Romanesque style, he partially demolished it and built a new one in the style of Trøjborg. He took the money for the purpose and the furniture from the other churches. The archdeacon complained to the king and Rantzau was sentenced to pay back what he had acquired. The present tower dates from 1857 and is a replica of the Rantzaus. The spire, was made of tinned iron tin rusted and blown off. As early as 1610, it was replaced by a spire with oak shavings, which were less flashy. Visby's church spire also served as a beacon.
On the south wall hangs a sun disk from 1707.
The furniture is still characterized by Peter Rantzau's renewal, but the altar table and tablet are from 1357, the crucifix from 1360. Part of the furniture dates from later times.
Under the tower room there has been a burial cellar for priests, most recently Johannes Clausen was buried, a priest in Visby in the middle of the 18th century. When the tower room was arranged as a porch in 1857, the coffins were removed and the cellar thrown.
We leave the church and our next destination is Møller's garden.
Opposite the church is Visby's old school together with Visby's fire station. Here we turn right along the park road in the direction of Øster Gammelby. After 300m the park is on the right side, parking on the left side of the road.
Pastor Møller's garden
Close to the church opposite the fire station is Visby vicarage from 1697, a large building that testifies to the priest's importance in society. Pastor Møller had been a priest since 1908. In Visby, there was a well-functioning free church next door and this led in 1922 to the problem of who should now be a priest. The congregation could not decide, the votes were evenly distributed and they had to negotiate for Pastor Møller to withdraw with an apology for illness and an annual support of DKK 2,500.
Pastor Møller and his wife moved to a small garden house in the large park he had planted on the outskirts of the city.
His wife died and he buried her in the park, which also became his graveyard with the blessing of the ministry. He bequeathed the entire park to Visby parish.
Today it is a nice little park, an obvious goal to take a break and settle down on one of the park's benches. The park is laid out as a nature park with many trees, rhododendrons, cypresses, ground cover and lawn, fountain, a newly built small pond, sculptures and a pergola and of course Møller's burial site. Various paths lead through the park. The park is looked after by volunteers who want the park to be a sanctuary for everyone. There are tables and benches as well as toilets. And the future also offers accommodation in the form of a shelter that has not been set up yet.
To the active guest
Around Visby there are various marked hiking routes. Everyone starts opposite the fire station by the church, where you will also find an information stand.
In addition, there is a green route, which starts on Madevej by the Church. The trip is 5.3 km long.
Along the way we pass Visby Church - a lookout tower - Trøjborg - Møllehuse and Møller's garden. The route goes through agricultural land up along the bog.
This is where our trip ends. Thank you for joining.
For those of you with energy and desire for more activities, we have the following suggestions:
All are located between Visby and Øster Gammelby
Visby fishing lake
Adr. Øster Gammelby 9, 6261 Bredebro tel. 0045 22482000
Visby fishing lake consists of two lakes, located in the beautiful nature area with the supply of water from a natural source. The water is up to 3m deep and is very clean. The lakes offer various trout, carp, goats… The carp up to 20kg and that is not even a lie. There is no catch limit.
Fishing licenses can be purchased by self-service.
Go on a farm visit!
Gammelby Action Park
Gammelby Action Park offers an unforgettable experience. Off road go-karts are pure action. Feel the adrenaline in the body and the freedom in the soul. A fast-paced day for big and small girl and boy robbers